Northern Circuit - Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro trek through Northern Circuit
If you have the luxury of time and a generous budget, the Northern Circuit route is one of the most beautiful routes on Kilimanjaro, offering sweeping 360-degree views across the rarely visited northern slopes. The route is long and will cost more, but it allows for the longest period of acclimatisation time, and boasts the greatest summit success rate.
As for the direction of travel, the route starts in the west from the Londorossi Gate, travels to the Shira Ridge, and crosses over to the Shira Plateau. Then, instead of travelling south and following the direction that other routes take, the Northern Circuit swings north, travelling clockwise to the summit from the east. The descent is made along the Mweka route.
Previous trekking experience is highly recommended, as the days will feature 6-8 hours hiking with daily ascents of 900m to 1,000m, perhaps with the odd day ascending around 1,100m to 1,200m.
Depending on the route, you may be trekking at an altitude of over 3,500m. You need complete confidence in your ability to trek for many days over difficult terrain.
Extremes of altitude and weather may be encountered, as may the use of ice axes and crampons. A degree of physical and mental stamina will be essential to complete the hike as the days will be tiring.
- Location: Travelling from the west and starting at the Londorossi Gate, the route starts in the same direction as the Lemosho route.
- Difficulty: Challenging
- Height: The Northern Circuit route makes its way to the Uhuru peak and reaches a height of 5,895 metres (19,341 feet).
- Duration: The Northern Circuit route can be completed in 8 or 9 days, and the additional time on the mountain means the success rate is much higher than other routes.
- Trail conditions: Hikers and trekkers will enjoy the peacefulness of the trail, as it is a newer route and less popular (as it is one of the most expensive routes to complete). The trail itself is one of the most beautiful, offering breathtaking vistas.
The Northern Circuit Route itinerary
|DAY||START||ALTITUDE (M/FT)||FINISH||ALTITUDE (M/FT)||TIME (HRS)||DISTANCE (KM/MI)|
|1||Londorossi Gate||2,360m/ 7,742ft||Mti Mkubwa||2,895m/ 9,498ft||3-4||6km/ 4mi|
|2||Mti Mkubwa||2,895m/ 9,498ft||Shira 1 Camp||3,505m/ 11,500ft||5-6||8km/ 5mi|
|3||Shira 1 Camp||3,505m/ 11,500ft||Shira 2 Camp||3,810m/ 12,500ft||3-4||7km/ 4mi|
|4||Shira 2 Camp||3,810m/ 12,500ft||Lava Tower||4,630m/ 15,190ft||3-4||7km/ 4mi|
|Lava Tower||4,630m/ 15,190ft||Moir Hut||4,200m/ 13,800ft||2-3||7km/ 4mi|
|5||Moir Hut||4,200m/ 13,800ft||Buffalo Camp||4,020m/ 13,200ft||5-7||12km/ 7mi|
|6||Buffalo Camp||4,020m/ 13,200ft||Third Cave||3,870m/ 12,700ft||5-7||8km/ 5mi|
|7||Third Cave||3,870m/ 12,700ft||School Hut||4,750m/ 15,600ft||4-5||5km/ 3mi|
|8||School Hut||4,750m/ 15,600ft||Uhuru Peak||5,895m/ 19,341ft||6-8||6km/ 4mi|
|Uhuru Peak||5,895m/ 19,341ft||Mweka Camp||3,068m/ 10,065ft||4-6||12km/ 7mi|
|9||Mweka Camp||3,068m/ 10,065ft||Mweka Gate||1,640m/ 5,380ft||3-4||10km/ 6mi|
The Northern Circuit route success rate
The Northern Circuit route has one of the highest success rates on average at 95%. Thanks to the length of the route, hikers have plenty of time for acclimatization. However, the route is recommended for hikers with stamina, as it requires 6-8h of hiking per day.
Northern Circuit tips
- Make sure you choose your route carefully and consider traffic levels, difficulty, sights, and scenery.
- Before you embark on your hike, it's best to attempt a few small hikes at home and consider as much physical preparation as possible.
- To mentally prepare for the Northern route, spend a few weekends camping at home in order to get used to using limited facilities, and overcome any small barriers you might encounter.
- Take a close look at your packing list to make sure you have all of the right gear including footwear, clothing, snacks, and equipment.
- Remember: water is a hiker's best friend, and staying hydrated could be the difference between reaching the summit or not.
- Mentally prepare yourself for altitude sickness. It affects everyone differently, and even experienced hikers will suffer from some symptoms at times.
- If time and budget allow, aim to spend as much time on the mountain as possible. Hikers that embark on the shorter routes often see a much lower success rate.
- Pace yourself! It’s not a race to the top, and you’ll save yourself unnecessary stress and anxiety by taking your time and enjoying the views.
How to climb Kilimanjaro
How do I prepare for Kilimanjaro?
Any physical activity you can do beforehand will help make your ascent more enjoyable. As for how hard you train, this will depend on whether you're aiming for the Uhuru Peak or embarking on a shorter journey and will be different for everyone.
What should I pack and what equipment do I need?
While trekking tour operators may supply some of the gear you’ll need, there are a few non-negotiables you will need that includes waterproof gear, a headlamp, sunglasses, appropriate hiking boots, personal medication, a non-disposable water bottle and a cap or a beanie for example. Learn more.
How to get to Kilimanjaro?
Before you start your hiking escapade to the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro, you will need to establish how to get there, and the best mode of transport to suit your itinerary or tour. Travellers flying from the UK, the US, Australia or Canada and other parts of the world have a few options to explore. Learn more.
What are the climbing requirements for Kilimanjaro?
Mount Kilimanjaro welcomes hikers of all levels of fitness and ability, but if you’re planning to reach the summit, careful planning and vigorous training is vital. Consider adding extra time to your itinerary to avoid altitude sickness and to enjoy your time climbing Kilimanjaro. Learn more.
What permits do I need?
Each visitor will be required to pay a fee per person, per day for the conservation fee to help manage the national park, however, most tours will cover the permits and entry fees are included in the price.
- Machame Route. Distance: 62 km, average duration: 6-7 days, success rate: 75%-85%
- Marangu Route. Distance: 72 km, average duration: 5-6 days, success rate: 50%
- Lemosho Route. Distance: 70 km, average duration: 7-8 days, success rate: 65%-90%
- Rongai Route. Distance: 73 km, average duration: 6-7 days, success rate: 65%-80%
- Shira Plateau Route. Distance: 56 km, average duration: 7-8 days
- Umbwe Route. Distance: 53 km, average duration: 5-6 days, success rate: 60%-70%
- Northern Circuit Route. Distance: 98 km, average duration: 8-9 days, success rate: 95%