Egypt Travel Guide
Do you hear that? Egypt is beckoning. Home to some of the world’s best-preserved temples and monuments, this nation carries rich traditions and boasts panoramic landscapes from sweeping sand dunes to the scenic Nile River. With multiple ways to explore the country – either by road, air or by cruising along the Nile, it’s time to start your journey and channel your inner explorer.
The first thing you notice about Cairo is the craziness of rush hour. Once you become comfortable navigating your way through the overwhelming traffic and narrow streets, it becomes evident that the capital is filled with character and with a proud sense of history. From the Saqqara Pyramid to Khan El Khalili Market and more, a trip through Cairo will leave you with a lasting impression.
For many, the painted tombs of the Valley of the Kings and the nearby Temple of Hatshepsut are the highlights of a visit to Luxor. This valley, located on the west bank of the Nile, is known as the principal burial place of Pharaohs from the 16th to 11th-century BC and is home to an estimated 60 Egyptian tombs and chambers, covered with decadent frescos and immaculately preserved carvings.
Home to a legendary library, European elegance and flair, Alexandria is a vibrant Mediterranean port and Egypt’s second largest city. Founded in 331 BC by Alexander the Great, here you will find old-world style cafes, Roman structures, the Catacombs of Kom Ash Shuqqafa and sandy beaches.
Accessible by road only when escorted by a police convoy, Abu Simbel should not be missed. Located on the border of Egypt near Sudan, Abu Simbel is home to two temples – the Great Temple of Ra-Harakhte, with its four giant statues of Ramses II and the Temple of Hathor, dedicated to Queen Nefertari. Shaped and carved out of the mountainside, the temples are an impressive tribute.
If you’re searching for the best vantage point in all of Egypt, Mount Sinai is the only place to go. Revered by Muslims, Jews and Christians, Mount Sinai is believed to be the location that God delivered his Ten Commandments to Moses. Following a gentle climb to the top, you will be rewarded with commanding views of the surrounding valley.
After spending your time hopping between dozens of impressive temples and historic museums, you’re bound to need a break. And that break should be enjoyed in the fishing village of Dahab. Make time to simply do nothing, or grab your snorkel and visit the famous Blue Hole, shop at surrounding markets and visit bedouin-style seafood restaurants.
Egypt is a country located in the northeast part of Africa along the Mediterranean Sea, the River Nile and the Red Sea. From London, a non-stop flight is 4h 40m, and from Dubai, it is roughly 4h 15m.
Cairo is the official capital of Egypt and is the largest city in the country with a population of 9.5 million people.
Cairo International Airport is the main hub for domestic and international travellers. It is located in Heliopolis, 15 kilometres from the city of Cairo.
- Closest City
The official language of Egypt is Arabic, with many variations of the Arabic language spoken across the country. English is widely spoken, especially in tourist hotspots.
Egypt uses the Egyptian Pound. The currency code is EGP. It is safe to withdraw money from banks or ATMs while you’re there.
Most visitors can obtain a visa on arrival for a fee of USD $20 at the airport or land ports of entry points. We recommend checking your country's travel advisories before travelling.
Electrical current is 230 volts, 50Hz; a UK-type plug with three flat pins. The standard voltage in the US is 110 volts, so to avoid frying your electronics, you may need a surge adaptor.
The following vaccines are recommended when travelling to Egypt: typhoid, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, cholera, yellow fever, rabies and influenza. Consult your doctor 6 to 8 weeks before you depart.
The phone numbers to call in case of emergency are 126 for the tourist police, 123 for an ambulance and 180 for a fire.